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As part of developing and building the Kingdom of Bahrain to reach greater heights, efforts have been made to bring a comprehensive community development, by penning policies and laws for its people.

The policies created are intending to create a modern society catering to everyone’s needs equally and fulfilling many UN-SDG’s.

The Government of Bahrain has focused on the following areas of these policies:


The Kingdom of Bahrain is very advanced in the health sector due to its remarkable achievements that have been attained over the years. Healthcare has been one of the priorities of Bahrain’s government.

‘Health-for-All’ objective was achieved in the early 1990s, where comprehensive health services were provided and continues to provide to the citizens and residents of Bahrain.

The Kingdom of Bahrain provides free health care for citizens since birth and has uniquely catered its health services towards different segments of the society. The Ministry of Health  has made it easier for the elder community  in the Kingdom to receive medical care through mobile units , which includes home visits for those who are unable to reach health centers. Moreover, the Ministry of Labour & Social Development (MOLSD)  provides social services to the elderly, including but not limited to Day Care  Services, housing care  services, and financial assistance.

As for people with special needs, Abdullah bin Ali Kanoo Center for Diagnosis and evaluation of Disability  was set up in 2014 to cater to the needs of the disabled in cooperation with the Ministry of Health.

The Kingdom has also focused its medical attention towards children and the younger generations through providing immunization through vaccinations according to the Expanded Program on Immunization , as well as performing health awareness campaigns for schools and universities in cooperation with the Ministry of Health. In addition, the healthcare system in Bahrain gives special attention to Mothers & Child and there is a dedicated unit in each hospital. These efforts are in line with Sustainable Development Goal number 3: Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages .


The educational system in the Kingdom of Bahrain consists of nine years of basic education which includes both the primary and intermediate stages (Compulsory for children whose ages are between 6 and 14) who can be enrolled either through government, or private schools, followed by three years of secondary education.

The Kingdom ensures that education is available to all who are willing to learn; hence, people of older ages can obtain their education through literacy and continuing education programs  provided by the Ministry of education.

Bahrain has also widely invested in its youth, from providing free education for citizens through governmental schools, and providing sponsorship to people who are interested in obtaining further certifications through Tamkeen  and Bahrain Institute of Banking and Finance (BIBF) .

For people with special needs, the Ministry of Education  provides online forms  dedicated to their needs through their website. Moreover, the “Special Education Directorate” includes programs and curriculums for the disabled, as well as, the schools having this program.

On the other hand, the University of Bahrain (UOB)  provides special services and facilities for women and children  through the Center for childhood studies, in which training is provided for kindergarten teachers, and Nursery educators.   


The Kingdom of Bahrain is devoted to creating equality. Several policies have been taken by the Kingdom for the diverse population aimed at blurring inequalities within the country. With regards to the elderly community, the Kingdom has issued Decision No. (1) for the year 2011, Issuing the executive regulations of the law No. (58) for the year 2009 on the rights of the elderly, which includes the implementation and building of programs and elderly homes that ensure the necessary care for the elderly towards life improvement and integration into society and more.

As for people with special needs, several laws  and official resolutions have been issued in respect to the persons with disabilities which ensures the government commitment towards supporting and empowering them to live a decent life without any kind of discrimination, for more information, please visit the following link

As for the society of women in Bahrain, women's political rights have been a cornerstone of the political reforms initiated by His Majesty King Hamad with, women being given the right for the first time to vote and stand as candidates in national elections with an amendment to the constitution in 2002. The extension of equal political rights has been accompanied by a self-conscious drive to promote women to positions of authority within the government.

The Supreme Council for Women  under the leadership of Her Highness Shaikha Sabeeka bint Ibrahim bin Mohammed Al-Khalifa, Spouse of HM King Hamad bin Isa Al-Khalifa, King of Bahrain, Chairwoman of the Supreme Council for Women, continues to push boundaries for the protection and advancement of women. The Council's efforts have been demonstrably recognized regionally and internationally. HM The King set up the Supreme Council for Women in 2001 to develop the role of women in Bahrain.

As for youngsters and children, the Child Protection Centre  was established in May 2007. It is a social welfare institution affiliated to the Department of Social Welfare, the Ministry of Labour & Social Development. It offers protection for children up to the age of 18 years from all forms of bad treatment and negligence.

Government Services

The Kingdom of Bahrain launched its first eGovernment strategy in 2007 and continued until 2010, focusing initially on the integration of the government's efforts to provide better and faster services to citizens, whereby the Kingdom successfully achieved more than the set key objectives and ranked as a leader in the field of eGovernment that is committed to providing all government services that are electronically integrated, be the best of its kind and is available to all through the channels of their choice.

While trying to offer the services to the vast majority of the people, the Information & eGovernment Authority provides home visits to perform government services for the elderly who cannot leave home, as well as a 50% discount on government services for citizens 60 years of age and above. Moreover, the eGovernment National Portal (Bahrain.bh) provides accessibility features for better use of the website in line with the WC3 standards  for better visual context, usibility, user experience, and visibility.  

With regards to the Youth, HH Shaikh Nasser bin Hamad encouraged the participation of young entrepreneurs (aged 18 -21 years old) to establish their own trade projects and small and medium enterprises (SMEs) which represent an integral part of the national economy. Moreover, Tamkeen  provides funding, support for equipment as well as get access to advisory services for start-ups in order to help increase their productivity and creating growth.

For people with special needs, The Ministry of Labour & Social Development  catered for the needs of this particular group by establishing “Disabled Services Centres ” in order to locate vacancies for the disabled who are seeking work, provide information and guides for the services available for the disabled, provide family consultations, and provide training to deal with different types of disabilities. Moreover, the Information & eGovernment Authority  also provides easier contact and access to its eServices for visually impaired users with the help of sign language experts through Skype Video calls. Furthermore, the Ministry of Justice, Islamic Affairs and Waqf  offers its customers with hearing and speaking disabilities with a translator in order to complete their services.

Moreover, the Ministry of Interior  takes a great deal of responsibility towards protecting, serving and empowering people with disability with self-dependency. In addition to special attention dedicated to this group, the Emergency Room and Operations at the Ministry has introduced a dedicated video call number for the people with hearing and speech disability to meet their needs in any emergency cases. At the back end, the Ministry has prepared and trained their employees with the skills and knowledge needed to deal with these individuals.

The emergency numbers for people with hearing and speech disability:





The most popular forms of public transport used in Bahrain are buses and taxis. The transports are air-conditioned and comfortable for travel, and the bus routes can be accessed online and have special facilities catering to people who are differently abled.

The Kingdom has developed the “National Strategy for Persons with Disabilities ” (PDF, 18.8MB, 142 pages, Arabic only) to improve the promotion and protection of human rights of disabled individuals. The Strategy guides government sectors, NGOs, the private sector, professional groups, educators, advocates, and society at large, on the tasks required to ensure that the rights of persons with disabilities are effectively observed and realized. For more information, please visit the following link.

Page Last Updated: 21 Jun, 2020